1005 N. Marion St.
Tampa, FL 33602
813.250.0500
Sammis Law Firm

Fighting Seizures by U.S. Secret Service

If your property was seized by the United States Secret Service (USSS) for forfeiture pursuant to Title 18 USC 981, then the Secret Service is alleging that the property was used in an illegal money laundering, drug trafficking, or fraud scheme.

Most seizures for forfeiture by US Select Service involve the following types of assets:

  • U.S. Currency;
  • bank account or credit union account;
  • clearing service or brokerage services account;
  • corporation account;
  • teller’s or cashier’s check;
  • Western Union Money Order;
  • Visa prepaid debit card or debit gift card;
  • US bank cashier’s check; or
  • Venmo Account or Paypal Account from PayPal Holdings, Inc.

Seizures by the U.S. Secret Service tend to focus on payment and financial systems from criminal exploitation and counterfeit currency. Many forfeitures involve cybercrime involving ransomware, computer network breaches, bank and wire fraud, and credit card fraud.

Recently, more attention has been focused on fraudulently obtained PPP loans and fraudulently obtained COVID-19 Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) loans.

Attorney for Seizures for Forfeiture by the US Secret Service

Attorney Leslie Sammis fights seizures by the US Secret Service throughout Florida and works with local attorneys on cases throughout the United States.

Ms. Sammis represents the owner of the bank account, the person from whom the property was taken, third party owners, bonafide purchasers, lien holders, sellers for value, or a victim of fraud.  If you are an attorney with a USSS forfeiture, contact Leslie Sammis about co-counseling on the case.

If the U.S. Secret Service gave you notice that your U.S. Currency, bank account, or other valuable property was seized for forfeiture in accordance with Title 18, U.S.C., Section 981, then contact us about the benefits of filing a verified claim for court action in the U.S. District Court.

Filing that verified claim triggers a 90-day deadline for the agency to either RETURN 100% of the money or cause an Assistant United States Attorney (AUSA) to file a complaint for forfeiture in the U.S. District Court.

Filing a verified claim with the U.S. Secret Service on or date indicated in the notice is the ONLY way to contest the forfeiture of the property in U.S. District Court. The claim must be RECEIVED by the U.S. Secret Service (actually in their hands) by that deadline.

To find out more, call 813-250-0500.


Options Listed in the USSS Notice of Seizure Letter

Within 60 days of the seizure, the USSS is required to send a “notice of seizure” form that gives you the following three options:

  1. You may agree to the forfeiture by petitioning the USSS for return/remission of the forfeited property after submitting the Petition for Remission/Mitigation” Form (these petitioners are often denied months later with a form letter).
  2. You may disagree with the forfeiture and contest it in the United States District Court by filing a claim with the attached “Seized Asset Claim Form” (this is the ONLY way to contest the seizure and the best way to fight for 100% of your money back); or
  3. You may have no interest in this property and therefore do not need to respond to the letter in any matter.

The notice lists the agency case number, secure number, asset identification number, asset description, and asset value. The letter describes the property seized for forfeiture by the United States Secret Service (USSS), along with the date and location of the seizure.

The letter explains that items are subject to forfeiture pursuant to Title 18 U.S.C. 981 as properties that were used in, or acquired by, violation of Title USC 1343.

In addition to mailing a personal notice, the Secret Service must also publish details about the seizure online.


How to File a Verified Claim for Court Action to Get the Money Back for USSS

Our attorneys can help you properly prepare the verified claim form and deliver it to the Secret Service Asset Forfeiture Division at the address listed in the notice.

The verified claim for court action, hardship petitions, and/or petitions for remission or mitigation must be sent to the address listed in the notice which might include:

U.S. Secret Service (USSS)
Communications Center – AFD
Attention: Secret Service Asset Forfeiture Division
245 Murray Lane, SW
Building T-5
Washington, D.C. 20223
Phone: (202) 406-7222

If you disagree with the USSS that the property is subject to forfeiture, then you can demand that the property is returned immediately. That claim triggers a 90-day deadline for an Assistant United States Attorney (AUSA) to either return the property or file a complaint for forfeiture in the U.S. District Court.

Attorney Leslie Sammis can help you challenge the USSS seizure for forfeiture by filing a claim of ownership using the attached “Seize Asset Claim Form” by the dead referenced in the letter.

You should ensure that any correspondence regarding the USSS seizure with intent to forfeit references the seizure number provided in the letter. documents should be submitted to the following address via commercial carrier (e.g., FedEx, DHL, UPS)

On the seized asset claim form, your attorney will provide your name, address, phone number, seizure number, case number, and city and state of seizure.

In Part I, your attorney will list the item or items in which you are making a claim. Your attorney should include sufficient information to identify the items, such as serial numbers, make and model numbers, tail numbers, photographs, and so forth.

In Part II, your attorney will explain your interest in each item of property listed in Part I. The form also gives your attorney the option of providing any documents that support the claim, if available.

In Part III, you are required to personally sign the attestation and oath. The form provides:

I attest and declare under penalty of perjury that my claim to this property is not frivolous and that the information provided inn support of the claim is true and correct, to the best of my knowledge and belief.

The form explains that a false statement or claim may subject a person to prosecution under 18 USC Section 1001 and/or 1621 and is punishable by a fine and up to five years imprisonment.

After filing a verified claim, we can help you demand the immediate release of the seized property by filing a hardship petition in accordance with 18 U.S.C. §983(f).


The USSS Asset Forfeiture Manual

The United States Secret Service uses its Asset Forfeiture Manual for guidance on enforcement actions regarding liquidated damages, penalties, fines, and seizures.

The Department of Homeland Security has three components with seizure and forfeiture authority including the United States Secret Service (USSS), the  U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

As explained in the USSS Asset Forfeiture Manual, after the property is seized, the USSS through the DHS must send the property owner and any other parties that may have an interest in the property a written notice of the seizure and intent to forfeit. The notice explains the options to file a petition, file a claim, or do nothing.

Property owners might file petitions if they agree their property is subject to forfeiture, but are seeking its partial or full return. Filing the petition and using the administrative proceeds rarely result in the return of the property.

The better court of action is to file a claim for court action which is the ONLY way to force the speedy return of the property or contest the seizure in court when the property owner believes the initial seizure was illegally conducted.

The claim is also the only way to contest whether the government has enough proof that the property was involved in illegal activity.


Release of Property to Avoid Substantial Hardship

If you choose to contest the forfeiture and file a Claim of Ownership using the Seized Asset Claim Form as set forth above, you may be entitled to immediate release of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE seized property if:

  1. You have a possessory interest in the property;
  2. You have sufficient ties to the community to provide assurance that the property will be available at the time of the trial;
  3. You show that the continued possession by the Government pending the final disposition of forfeiture proceedings will cause you substantial hardship;
  4. You show that your likely hardship from the continued possession by the Government of the seized property outweighs the risk that the property will be destroyed, damaged, lost, concealed, or transferred if it is returned to you during the pendency of the proceedings;
  5. The property is not contraband, evidence of a violation of a law, currency, or currency, or other monetary instrument, or electronic funds unless such other monetary instrument or electronic funds constitutes the assets of a business that has been seized;
  6. The property is not, by reason of design or other characteristic, particularly suited for use in illegal activities;
  7. The property is not likely to be used to commit additional criminal acts if returned to you.

A claimant seeking the release of property must file a request for Possession of the Property with the Deputy Assistant Director of the USSS’s Office of Investigations at the address listed in the notice.

A request for Possession of the Property must set forth the basis on which the requirements listed above are met. If not later than fifteen days after the USSS receives a request for Possession of the Property and the property is not released, the claimant may file a petition for the release of the property in the district court in which the seizure warrant was issued or in the district court for the district in which the property was seized.

The notice might explain that you should ensure that any correspondence regarding this matter references the Seizure Number provided in the notice.

The notice might also suggest that all documents should be submitted to the following address via commercial carrier (e.g., FedEx, DHL, UPS).


Problems with Filing a Petition for Remission or Mitigation to the USSS

Contact us to find out the problems with filing a Petition for Remission or Mitigation of the Forfeiture with the U.S. Secret Service. Those administrative procedures often result in NO MONEY being returned at all.

By filing a petition for mitigation or remission, you are basically stipulating that the seizure was lawful and that you do NOT want to contest the forfeiture.

Instead, by asking for remission or mitigation, you are only allowed to ask for a portion of the property to be returned and only if you have proper documentation of your interest in the property that includes facts and circumstances justifying the return of the property.

Even with the proper documentation, the USSS might just deny your request by sending out a form letter several months later. If you have any grounds to contest the seizure, you should do so by demanding court action (instead of using the less effective administrative proceedings for remission or mitigation).


Additional Resources

Official Notifications of Seizures for Forfeiture by the Secret Service – Visit the government website to find a list of cases published in a pdf in which federal agents with the Secret Service have seized valuable property, including U.S. Currency and the funds from bank accounts. The official notification includes information about how to file a demand for court action and judicial referral.


Finding a Lawyer for USSS Seizures for Forfeiture

If you are identified as an interested party or the possible owner of seized property, including U.S. currency or the money in a bank account, then you will receive personal notice in the form of a letter from the United States Secret Service and U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

After receiving the notice of seizure and intent to forfeit from the U.S. Secret Service, act quickly to protect your rights.

Contact a civil asset forfeiture attorney at Sammis Law Firm to discuss the case. We can help you figure out how to claim seized property and protect it during a forfeiture proceeding. Find out why petitions for remission and mitigation don’t work.

Our attorneys can make sure that your claim meets the requirements set forth in 18 U.S.C. 983(a)(2)(C) and that it is properly filed with the Secret Service Asset Forfeiture Division by the date indicated in the notice.

We can also gather the evidence needed to show the initial seizure was ILLEGAL or that insufficient evidence exists to support the forfeiture action.

After a seizure of money, bank accounts, or other property, the attorneys at Sammis Law Firm represent owners, lien holders, bonafide purchasers, a seller for value, or a victim of fraud.

If you received a notice of seizure of property and initiation of administrative forfeiture proceedings from the United States Secret Service, then call 813-250-0500.


This article was last updated on Monday, May 17, 2021.

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