Prostitution and Solicitation Arrests in Polk County

In Polk County, FL, the undercover sting operations use Backpage-style websites to target men and women accused of soliciting prostitution or offering to commit prostitution. Since April of 2018, when the feds shut down Backpage, many look-alike websites have popped up to take its place.

Before April of 2018, most of the “Prostitution Vice Operations” in Florida were using ads posted in the “dating” section of www.backpage[dot]com (“Backpage”). These ads sought sexual favors in exchange for U.S. currency.

For the Polk County sting operations, many ads were placed in the Orlando area section of the site because they targeted tourists who could be lured to the edge of Polk County.

Using Backpage and similar sites was an easy way to funnel unsuspecting individuals into large sting operations that garnered national media attention.

In 2023, for example, the Polk County Sheriff’s Office used Backpage to lure men and women to a house in Davenport, FL, just 1,000 feet south of the Osceola Polk Line Road. To attract tourists in the Orlando area of central Florida, the house is conveniently located off the I-4 Interstate.

The sting operations had been criticized for discriminating against people who are gay, lesbian, bi-sexual, or transgender since the sting operations targeted people advertising in those sections of the Backpage website. The Polk County Sheriff’s Office also used Spanish-speaking Hispanic undercover officers to target Spanish-speaking johns.

Officers involved in the stings sometimes exaggerate the facts. For example, sometimes the police report will say the “john” offered $100 for oral sex. Still, when we listen to the audiotape, the “john” never actually offered any money or agreed to any specific sex act. In other cases, the alleged prostitute will say, “you are only paying for my time.” Officers rarely write those types of statements in the police report.

Even when the evidence shows the agreement was reached, the entrapment defense can often be asserted in these cases, particularly when the defendant has no prior convictions for prostitution-related crimes.

The crime of “soliciting a lewd act” comes with a $5,000 fine unless you avoid a conviction – which also explains why the investigations are so aggressive. Call us to find out more about how we fight these charges for an outright dismissal when the prosecutor has insufficient evidence or other problems exist in the case.

Attorney for Prostitution Crimes in Polk County, FL

If you were arrested for a crime involving an allegation of soliciting a prostitute or being a sex worker, then contact an experienced criminal defense attorney at the Sammis Law Firm. We represent clients charged with prostitution-related crimes throughout all of Polk County, FL.

We fight cases after an arrest in Davenport, Barton, Lakeland, Winter Haven, Polk City, Frost Proof, Eagle Lake, Lake Alfred, Lake Wales, Auburndale, Dundee, Fort Meade, Haines City, Highland Park, Hillcrest Heights, Lake Hamilton, or Mulberry, FL.

Call us to discuss your case during a free and confidential consultation. Our first goal is to get the charges completely dismissed or at least reduced to a less serious offense, such as disorderly conduct.

You might be eligible to expunge the record if your charges are dropped. If you avoid a conviction, you can seal the record. Getting rid of the mugshot and any record of the arrest or prosecution is the most important goal for many of our clients in these cases.

Call (813) 250-0500 today.

Polk County Sting Operations that Used

The sting operations in Polk County, FL, are conducted by the Polk County Sheriff’s Office. The most common tactic used during these sting operations involves an attractive undercover female detective who poses as a prostitute (often called an “escort,” “call girl,” “streetwalker” or “hooker”). The Polk County Sting operations also use male undercover officers posing as customers (“johns”).

In the most typical scenario, the female detective will post fictitious advertisements online posing as an “escort,” and the male detective will reply to online advertisements for men and women offering “escort services.”

Many of these prosecution sting operations involve dozens of officers with the Polk County Sheriff’s Office including the following types of officers:

  • an analyst;
  • a captain;
  • a lieutenant;
  • various sergeants; and
  • numerous detectives.

Some detectives will handle technical services, processing, evidence and charging documents. Other detectives make the arrest, working as scribes, working perimeter surveillance, handling vehicle impounds, transporting prisoners, and handling book-in procedures.

The arrests will take place inside a single-family residence in Polk County that is set up with audio and video recordings. For the sting operations, these houses can be set up anywhere in Polk County including Lakeland, Bartow, Winter Haven, Polk City, Frostproof, Mulberry, Lake Wales Auburndale, Davenport, Eagle Lake, Fort Meade, Haines City or Lake Alfred.

When the undercover detective responds to an advertisement posted on, the conversation between the undercover detective and the suspect will be recorded. The detective will attempt to get an agreement for a certain place and time with a certain price for a specific sex act that is agreed to by the parties.

The detective would then ask the suspect to travel to the undercover location in Davenport, FL, and meet with the undercover detective. Once inside the residence, the detective would ask the subject to engage in a sexual act in exchange for a certain amount of money.

The detective would then pay the money to the suspect or accept the money from the suspect. At that point, the other officers would rush in to make the arrest during a “takedown.”

During the prostitution sting operation in Polk County, FL, the takedown officers are supposed to wear an agency-issued badge and a tactical vest with “Sheriff” on the front and back identifying the officer as a member of law enforcement.

After the arrest, the officers were trained to read Miranda rights from a Miranda card during a recorded interview after the arrest. Then the officers would interrogate the suspect in an attempt to get a full or partial confession.

The sting operations involve law enforcement officers from the following local law enforcement agencies: the Haines City Police Department, the Lakeland Police Department, the Lake Wales Police Department, and the Winter Haven Police Department.

When fighting these cases, the Polk County criminal defense attorney is entitled to all of the discovery including any communications between the person accused and the officer involved in the sting, all of the “dating” section advertisements, video and audio of the conversation for sexual services, and all pre-Miranda and post-Miranda statements.

Why Did Law Enforcement Use BackPage for Prostitution Sting Operations?

A study by the Arizona State University conducted in 2012 found that 80% of listing on Backpage are for prostitution-related activities. In 2013, Polk County Sheriff Grady Judd was threatening to criminally investigate Backpage and its executives for its graphic pictures and thinly veiled pricing – but then Sheriff Judd began using Backpage for his elaborate sting operations.

Although Backpage closed its adult services section a year earlier, it continued to be a marketing place for the sex trade through its “dating” section. Court records show that in California alone, Backpage made about $2.5 million per month from its ads. Prior to being shut down in April of 2018, Backpage had consistently won battles in court based on protections in the Communications Decency Act.

In early 2017, a bipartisan Senate Investigations Subcommittee report caused Backpage to add a red banner headline over its adult listings with the word “CENSORED” and release a statement that it had removed the section “as the direct result of unconstitutional government censorship.”

Anti-prostitution groups claim that prostitutes have moved to a new location on the website. For instance, some sting operations for prostitution use the “Personals” or “Casual Encounters” section on Craigslist. Recently, several smaller websites have also been providing ads for prostitution-related activities. Many of them look very similar to backpage.

The Terms on the Backpage Website

The “Terms’ published on the Backpage Website provided that the user must refrain from posting “adult content or explicit adult material unless” it is in the adult category, permitted under federal, state and local law and the one doing the posting is over 18 years of age.

Backpage’s terms also forbid posting any solicitation directly or in coded fashion for any illegal service exchanging sexual favors for money and posting any material on the Site that exploits minors in any way.

Categories on the Backpage Adult Dating Section

The categories on the Backpage website’s adult dating section included:

  • men seeking men
  • men seeking women
  • transgender
  • women seeking men
  • women seeking women

Posting Rules for the Adult Dating Section on Backpage

The “posting rules” for the dating section on Backpage required an acknowledgment of the following:

You agree to the following when posting in this category:

  • I will not post obscene or lewd and lascivious graphics or photographs that depict genitalia, actual or simulated sexual acts, or naked images;
  • I will not post any solicitation directly or in a “coded” fashion for any illegal service, including exchanging sexual favors for money or other valuable consideration;
  • I will not post any material on the Site that exploits minors in any way;
  • I will not post any material on the Site that in any way constitutes or assists in human trafficking;
  • I am at least 18 years of age or older and not considered to be a minor in my state of residence.
  • Any post exploiting a minor in any way will be subject to criminal prosecution and will be reported to the Cybertipline for law enforcement.

The Disclaimer for the Adult Dating Sections on Backpage

The disclaimer for the “dating sections” on the Backpage[dot]com website contained the following disclaimer:

This “dating” section contains sexual content, including pictorial nudity and adult language. It is to be accessed only by persons who are 18 years of age or older (and is not considered to be a minor in his/her state of residence) and who live in a community or local jurisdiction where nude pictures and explicit adult materials are not prohibited by law. By accessing this website, you are representing to us that you meet the above qualifications. A false representation may be a criminal offense.

I confirm and represent that I am 18 years of age or older (and am not considered to be a minor in my state of residence) and that I am not located in a community or local jurisdiction where nude pictures or explicit adult materials are prohibited by any law. I agree to report any illegal services or activities which violate the Terms of Use. I also agree to report suspected exploitation of minors and/or human trafficking to the appropriate authorities.

I have read and agree to this disclaimer as well as the Terms of Use.

I agree

I don’t agree

Additional Resources

CyberTipline  – The Cybertipline provides the public and electronic service providers (ESPs) with the ability to report online (and via toll-free telephone) instances cybercrimes. NCMEC continuously reviews CyberTipline reports and after the review reports the information to law enforcement. Visit the website for the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children which is funded, in part, through a grant from the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The types of crimes eligible for reporting on the Cybertipline include incidents of the following types of offenses:

  • online enticement of children for sexual acts;
  • child sex tourism;
  • child pornography;
  • child sex trafficking;
  • unsolicited obscene materials sent to a child;
  • misleading words or digital images on the Internet;
  • misleading domain names; and
  • extra-familial child sexual molestation.

Recent Prostitution Sting Operations in Polk County – Read more about the most recent undercover prostitution sting operations in Polk County including “Operation No Tricks, No Treat” in October of 2017, “Operation March Sadness” in March of 2017, “Operation Not So Silent Night” in December of 2016, “Operation Grand Slam Suspects” in June of 2016, and “Operation Naughty Not Nice” in December of 2015.

Backpage Founder, Executives, and Shareholders – Read a recent news article in the Washington Times about why Backpage executives and family members contributed about $99,000 to candidates and about $95,000 to Democratic parties in four states according to federal campaign finance data collected by the Center for Responsive Politics. Learn more about the founders and controlling shareholders of Backpage, James Larkin and Michael Lacey, and executives and shareholders, John Brunst and Scott Spear.

Find a Lawyer for Prostitution Crimes in Polk County, FL

The courts in Florida have considered whether Section 796.07(6), Florida Statutes, is unconstitutional because the $5,000 fine for soliciting prosecution is excessive or “grossly disproportional” as applied in the case.

These fines and the ability to seize vehicles after an arrest have motivated law enforcement officers to set up complicated sting operations to cast an increasingly wide net.

If you are charged with solicitation of prostitution or offering sexual favors in exchange for money, then the crime is often charged under Section 796.07(2)(f) or related statutes. After an arrest, contact an experienced criminal defense attorney. We represent clients charged with solicitation or offering prostitution throughout Polk County, FL.

The attorneys at Sammis Law Firm are familiar with the sting operations that used Tampa, a classified-ad website accused of being a hub for sexual exploitation and human trafficking. Although Backpage was shut down, officers in Polk County are already targeting other online forums for future sting operations.

Although these sting operations should be targeting people for more serious offenses such as traveling to meet a minor for sexual conduct, transmitting material harmful to a minor, online enticement of children for sexual acts, child pornography, or child sex trafficking, the vast majority of the arrests are for misdemeanor offenses for solicitation or offering to commit prostitution.

Call (813) 250-0500 to discuss your case involving an online escort prostitution sting with an experienced criminal defense attorney at the Sammis Law Firm.

This article was last updated on Tuesday, March 22, 2022.